Category Archives: Gypsy Jazz

Cat-A-Stroph-Ic Gypsy Jazz: Brad Brose Interview


Brad Brose’s “Cat-A-Strophe” album is setting the tone for a new world of possibilities for the XXI century Gypsy Jazz genre. Original compositions blend in La Pompe like no other.

In this greatly humorous interview Brad talks about the masters and the fundamentals, the old and the new. Try not to smile reading along these lines, if you can. I dare you! 🙂


1 – What have inspired you to start playing music? Who where your biggest influences and teachers?

I’ve been playing music since I was in high school but never took it serious. It wasn’t until I first listened to Django that I really wanted to take guitar seriously and learn what this diabolical instrument is all about.


2 – Who do you consider to be the best known and also the lesser-known teachers?

In my opinion, the best teachers of this style out there are Robin Nolan and Samy Daussat. It’s a very different skill being a great teacher and being a great player. What I love about Robin and Samy is they can make anything fun and accessible. When you watch a class of Samy’s and notice that everyone is laughing while at the same time learning some very important lessons, well that’s just magical.


3 – Who are the musicians (inside or outside Gypsy Jazz) you study in greater depth?

In the past year, I’ve really been going back to the roots and listening almost entirely to Django and the old hot club recordings. There was a time when I noticed that I listened to Django only about 10% of the time with the other 90% being more modern players. That felt really bizarre to me so I started hitting the old recordings more and more and I’m constantly blown away by new things I find in them.

I’ve also been really into Louis Armstrong whom I try to learn as much as possible from. Aside from jazz I also listen to quite a bit of Americana music and folk music, songs with really simple melodies about old times! I guess it’s not so different after all.


4 – What motivates you to never quit and always keep practicing?

Playing with other musicians and seeing how much they’re practicing and then progressing always helps me to push myself to practice playing over coquette for the 967th time.

Everyone is constantly getting better so I’m just following the crowd. Kind of like when you’re asked: “if all your friends jumped off a bridge, would you?” I would essentially be mid-air at the point.


5 – What were the biggest challenges you’ve faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

Burn out: those little periods where you just don’t feel like playing anymore. Maybe for a few days or a week I’m not really getting any fun out of playing gypsy jazz. But of course that’s when maybe I’ll take a short break so then when I come back to it, it’s fresh and fun again.

Being around other musicians that are much better than you is also crucial. I’ve been rather lucky since I started learning this style in Los Angeles, which has a fairly decent gypsy jazz scene for the US.

I lived in Madrid and in the south of Sweden and both places didn’t have too big of a scene. Now I live in Paris so this helps a bit with that issue 🙂


6 – Do you remember your practice process when you started playing? How much did it change through the years?

When I first started I was looking at things very systematically and I was very organized. “Ok, today I’m gonna work on this 2-5-1 progression over this tune and then try working with the metronome”.

Now, I’m more focused on learning new songs and absorbing more of the repertoire. To me, this is a better and more pleasurable way to go about learning the style at this point.


7 – What do you consider to be the most important practice exercises one should always use? Do you rely on a specific progression of exercises?

I wish I could say that I’m that organized and that I wake up at 7:30am every morning and play diminished scales while I’m taking a shower but I really don’t have too many practice exercises.

I usually will warm up before playing with friends (chromatic runs, soloing over a few songs, etc…) and then before concerts I just rehearse the material that we’ll play that night. So basically playing through songs is more of my practice.


8 – What are you favourite instructional books and resources for self-taught musicians? Do you feel like these methods can overcome the lack of a good local supportive community of musicians?

YouTube is the most incredible source imaginable. It still blows my mind when someone messages me from the US asking me if I saw a concert nearby my apartment in Paris. They have seen the entire concert through YouTube videos and I have no idea what they’re talking about.

Also I think Denis Chang is doing the Lord’s work – Amen Django! – with DC music school. The recently remastered hot club de France release by Label Ouest is a great tool since all of the hot club recordings are in tune meaning we can simply along with it.

I use amazing slow downer and go over Django’s lines all day, every day, with these tools.


9 – What are your key principles for better and most consistent musical results for lead and for rhythm players?

To always listen to the rest of the band. If a band sounds killer but the rhythm guitar sounds a little off, it’s ok. If the rhythm player sounds beautiful (like tears in your eyes beautiful) but the band sounds horrible, well then that’s a big problem.

Make sure everyone is respecting and following each other, and not only thinking of themselves (which is more common than most would think).

Keep the energy of the music in mind too. The main reason all of those old hot club recordings are so magical is because of the amount of energy they were able to build up to. They could make even an old fashioned tune like “Lady Be Good” just rock your socks off. The lead players would really have an arc of energy and ramp things amp and the rhythm would of course follow them.


10 – What do you find to be the biggest misuse or waste of time in practice, rehearsal and studio sessions? What about the biggest or most common mistake from novice and expert musicians?

Focusing on minute details such as exact chord shapes or exact melodies rather than focusing more of energy and song development.

I get students all the time that stress so much about playing a melody EXACTLY how it’s written or how Django played it. What’s more important is the feeling behind it.

I also feel that producing a nice tone is often overlooked. The gypsy jazz guitar can be one of the most abrasive sounding instruments out there so extra care really needs to be taken to make it sound pleasurable to the ear, which is totally possible! I swear!


11 – How important was your participation in Django In June Festival in your development and establishment as a Gypsy Jazz musician? How did it work and where is it leading you?

For the past few years I’ve been quite lucky to be part of the Django In June Festival and I still consider it to be the best gypsy jazz festival/camp out there. It allowed me to trade ideas with so many people and just get to hang out with incredible musicians from all over North America and Europe.

Also when I moved to Paris, it was great to bump into familiar faces that I already saw at Django in June. I’ve gotten to interview and play with lots of killer musicians here in Paris due to the festival. In my mind it really brings everyone together all over the world.


12 – You’re teaming up with Christiaan van Hemert in one of the most interesting online dialogues around. How did you build on this idea, how do you select your topics and what more do you guys have in store for us?

Christiaan and I are addicted to Internet videos and we always wondered about how cool it would be if we mixed commentary with live gypsy jazz playing. We saw commentators break down sporting events, gaming events, etc… and thought how helpful it would be to jump into the head of some of the best players in gypsy jazz to see what they’re thinking.

Now it’s developed more into an interview format where we get to learn about who these players really are and how they look at not just this lick or that specific lick but the music in general.


13 – How does a regular day in your life looks like? Tell us about your routines.

I don’t really have a typical day but when I’m not on tour and in Paris then I wake up early and grab a coffee outside at my local brasserie and, sometimes, if I’m feeling like a slob then a buttery pain au chocolat.

Then I’m back home and possibly teaching a couple of guitar students during the day. Then I might have an English student or two. Then the rest of the time is devoted to working on my own band’s material and concert planning or arranging gigs.

Then, in the evening, I’m out about with friends, playing concerts, or going to jams. There’s never a shortage of things going on at night in Paris, that’s for sure.


14 – How do you balance work and rest? How long are your working sessions and pauses?

They aren’t balanced that well at all actually 🙂

I have moments where I’m working every minute of the day and then moments where I’m not working a lot. It’s always difficult to adjust to both but so far it’s been working out.

The less busy times give me a much-needed break from the crazy-run-here-run-there times.


15 – How do you prepare for an important concert or studio recording? What would be your practice regime a week before the gig? What about on the day of the gig?

I’ll usually play the songs of the set list, not just on my own or with the group I’ll be playing with but also with other musicians, to get as comfortable with the material in as many different settings as possible.

If it’s my band “Cat-A-Strophe!” I have to work on the arrangements since they can be a bit particular and I also work on the concert presentation.

When I go on tour or play a really big concert then usually a week before I try to spend just a little time, but each day and consistently, on the set list. I prefer 10 or 20 minutes every day for 6 days then 2 days of 18 hours!

16 – What do you value the most in the music and musicians you love to listen? What are the key ingredients that catch your ear?

Energy, Energy, and ……..? Oh yeah, Energy! I love it when this music is played so energetically that you can just feel the swing coming right out of the record and straight into your face.

Also a good rhythm section stands out to me and really hooks me in. That swinging accompaniment, if it’s good enough, could let me listen to my cat play the lead guitar for all I care.


17 – As playing the rhythm guitarist part what do you think is the most important aspect of its role? How does your posture need to change to be a great accompanist or a great soloist?

The rhythm players’ most important job is to match the dynamics and energy of the soloist. Of course it’s also to keep time, but that goes without saying!

One thing that always bugs me is when I see a soloist really go out there and try to take the energy level through the roof and the rhythm section just stays flat so the soloist sounds really out of place when they play really high or loud.

And to always play at an appropriate volume. If the soloist has to smash the strings with a hammer just to be heard clearly then the rhythm section is not doing it’s job!


18 – Do you meditate or use any technique for focus, clarity and balance?

The closest things I have to meditation is taking a long metro or train ride. Usually I just think to myself the entire trip about what’s going on during the week. This is something I didn’t do before while living in LA and driving everywhere.

Trains really give me a nice reflection time to actually stop and think about everything that’s flying past.


19 – What would you consider to be the most important advice, quote or reference someone ever gave to you?

To always look like you know what you’re doing in front of the audience and not to noodle around on stage. They’re very unconscious and common things for beginners but they have such a strong impression on the audience (especially if they paid for tickets!).


20 – Django had left hand crippled fingers. Pianist Horace Parlan had right hand disability. And Keith Jarrett had unusual small hands for playing the piano. Despite poorly built for their instruments they all succeed. How can one transform limitations in advantages?

Find a place where the limitation won’t affect you anymore. I always thought if I had a problem with my wrists then I could take up playing a horn. Or if got my hand stuck in a blender, then I’d really have to take up singing. Or if my vocal cords burnt out then I’d just have to stick to playing Django, phew!


21 – Gypsy Jazz guitar technique is well known for being physically demanding. Do you know cases of unorthodox or ungifted musicians that made proper technique seem irrelevant?

Rory Hoffman is a massive inspiration to me. He just dumped all technique out of the window and his playing is unlike any other because of it.


22 – What would you like to be acknowledged for? What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

I’ve been trying to do something new with Jazz Manouche and expand it outwards but while still being very faithful to the style.

I’d also like to be remembered for that one time that I ate two kebabs in a row and didn’t die.


23 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him? What would be the record, the musician and the song you’d mention to him?

If I could meet Django I would shove a video camera in his face and try to film him playing as much as possible. Like make a reality TV show following him. It’s such a shame that there’s a huge shortage of video footage. Nothing an MTV reality TV show can’t fix!


My daily practice routine on Gypsy Jazz Guitar

28b - pomodoro_image

We are celebrating 1 year of weekly research articles about "Maximizing Performance"! Thank you all for your support, friendship and love. Glad to be a helpful hand in your way to Mastery :)

Here’s my personal daily practice routine on Gypsy Jazz Guitar. Hope it will inspire you:

I – After waking up:

  1. 1st Pomodoro = La Pompe (or Gypsy Bossa or Rumba Feel)
  2. 2nd Pomodoro = Django’s Solos (or New Tunes)
  • All Of Me (184bpm)
  • Django’s Tiger (221bpm)
  • Montagne St. Genevieve (178bpm)
  • Dark Eyes (240bpm)
  • Minor Swing (197bpm)
  • Nuages (115bpm)
  • Undecided (234bpm)
  • Claire De Lune (120bpm)

II – Before Lunch:

  1. 3rd Pomodoro = Transcribing and playing licks
  • Bireli Lagrene
  • Stochelo Rosenberg
  • Robin Nolan
  • Andreas Oberg
  • Adrien Moignard
  • Gonzalo Bergara
  1. 4th Pomodoro = Melodic Interpretation (articulation, dynamics, phrasing)

III – After Lunch:

  1. 5th Pomodoro = Soloing Concepts
  2. 6th Pomodoro = Harmonic possibilities

IV – In the Afternoon:

  1. 7th Pomodoro = Composing and Arranging
  2. 8th Pomodoro = Free improvisation over tunes

A Gypsy Jazz Conversation With Myself: The Interview


Who is Nuno Marinho, after all? Nuno is a guitarist, composer, Portuguese Gypsy Jazz promoter, researcher, journalist, pedagogue, NBA-Chess-Cosmos lover… and Peaceful Warrior.

My new mantra is: I just want you to be happy 🙂

I can only hope the effort I’ve invested in world-class contents may bring you joy and fulfillment. Thank you for your support, appreciation and respect.

1 – What have inspired you to start playing music? Tell us about your influences and what was going on around you at the time.

I started listening to my older sister’s cassettes. Back then Guns N’ Roses, Nirvana and Metallica really made an impact on me, especially Slash’s ability to make the guitar sing so strongly.

It was the 90’s, the world was a different place, an era of social mutation, people were affirming their rights, their feelings, their wants and needs. We were heading towards the Technological Era. Music books were rare so we needed to search and share them and the closest we could get to a guitar was by looking at them on the only local store in town.

Looking back at my teens the Rock and Roll lifestyle and what it represented – the Sex, Drugs and Rock & Roll thing – mixed with Mr. Miyagi’s Karate Masterful teachings and the possibility of time travelling in a DeLorean at 88 miles per hour completely sparkled my imagination.

I started playing with my left hand broken. I was at a friend’s house and I still had the casket on my arm. I had the opportunity to pick it up and a few months later, when I turned 14 years old, my mom bought me a Classical Guitar.

Right away I felt this was going to be a lifetime experience.

2 – What motivated you to keep practicing?

My practice days only started in 2006 when I moved from Coimbra to Lisbon. I was 25 years old and a graduated lawyer with a very promising criminal carer ahead of me.

My main motivation was to be a better musician, to understand music, to study harmony and to meet people and form bands. I always had the tendency to write songs. It came natural to me. Also teaching was something I really liked so it all made sense.

I felt there could be so many possibilities to play music that I just needed to understand them all. That’s my biggest motivation: to accomplish musical mastery.

3 – What were the biggest challenges you have faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

Prejudice, misunderstandings, impairments, apathy and incompetence in the music business were (still are) very hard for me to handle. I used to think I didn’t quit my stable life as an attorney for “this”.

It’s hard to feel the pressure to catch up the lost years. It can wear you down and in the end you’re not building healthy and respectful relationships with the musicians and pub owners.

Growing apart from a harmful community takes its toll. But we’re always learning and Peace eventually settles in.

4 – Do you remember your practice process when you started playing? How much did it change through the years?

Looking back it is pretty clear to me that the biggest missing part of my musical progress was the lack of a practice process. How to study? What is the process? How to accomplish goals? How to develop and grow skills?

This has made me dedicate my life to pursuing the best methods and practices to develop creative musical habits. The process has grown hugely and it is a constant working process based on measurements, experience and lots of practice.

5 – Tell us about your routines. How does a regular day in your life looks like? 

Since I teach a lot (guitar, music for kids, music for grown ups, English class, Pilates and Yoga class) and perform in the afternoon or in the evening, my days hardly look the same. I’m being able to keep some level of consistency, which I find very important to keep me on track. Unconsciously and intriguingly the clock keeps me sharp. Check this out:

09:09h – Wake up, read the news, have breakfast, personal hygiene (which always includes meditation after brushing my teeth).

10:10h – Start practicing (two “Pomodoros”, 25minutes each with a 5 minute break)

11:11h – Take a break, resume my daily mental exercises (chess puzzles included) and take care of any appointments for the day (rehearsals, classes, repertoires, etc)

12:12h – Keep practicing (two more “Pomodoros”, 25minutes each with a 5 minute break)

13:13h – Lunch break

14:14h – Back to practice mode (back to my Pomodor Technique 😉 )

15:15 – Short breathing break and time to prepare leaving home

16:16h – Look at the clock and say to myself: “I got to go to school, my students are waiting… 5 more minutes… Ten minute latter I’m still with the guitar on my hand 🙂

17:17h – Prepare to end the kids class and start preparing my individual students classes.

18:18h – Go to the gig.

19:19h – Intermission and resume the gig.

20:20h – Go home, have dinner with my wife and catch up.

21:21h – Time to shift the brain to neutral a little bit.

22:22h – Listening to music… Mindfuly (paying attention to detail)

23:23h – NBA time

24:24h – The 25th hour 😉 

6 – How do you balance work and rest? How long are your working sessions and pauses? 

I’ve been devoting these last years on the Maximizing Performance Process and particularly over the most productive strategies to be on the edge of one’s abilities.

Thus, I schedule a 4-hour mindful practice, usually divided in 4 hours (25 minute + 5 minute break each hour = 8 Pomodoros), every day, except weekends. Now I find break time extremely important in order to rejuvenate the creative flow. 

7 – What do you value the most in the music/musicians you love to listen? What key ingredients you love to hear when listening to some new album, musician or student?

Through the years I’ve come to realize that what knocks me out of my feet is the element of surprise. The spontaneity, the novelty, and the passion on interpretation can really capture my attention even when I’m distracted doing something else while music is playing in the background.

Also structure is very important to me. A sense of direction, as opposed to random ideas glued together. The music has to tell a story, has to have some drama, some intensity, some unexpected twists of faith. If it’s unpredictable, beautiful, heartfelt and passionate it will definitely catch my ears.

8 – Do you meditate?

I don’t know if I ever meditate or if I never stopped meditating. Any kind of practice or activity that pulls you towards a more focused, clear or mindful state is meditation.

Recently I’ve been investigating on the subject and I consider it to be as fundamental as personal hygiene. This is, certainly, something I’d wanted to had started sooner.

9 – What would you consider to be the most important advice, quote or reference someone ever gave to you?

I love quotes 🙂 I keep several journals of quotes from the masters and some of my own also. An original one I particularly like is this:

“If you don’t follow a Master become one.”

You know that a torch will light up quickly by the help of a flaming one. Nowadays the Internet gets you free access to whatever you think of but is still hard to personally connect with a real Master. And if that’s a meaningful thing to you – to excel, to create opportunities and to strengthen your talents, then there is no other way then to build your own level of Mastery.

10 – What would you like to be acknowledged for? What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

Relentless strive for mastery, righteousness and a warrior’s strength on his convictions. No human is flawless but you have your whole life to overcome your limitations.

If people remember me as a good-humoured, helpful, friendly, caregiver, relentless, hard-working, focused, driven and kind human being, then I know my life was serviceable or inspiring.

11 – What would be the record, the musician or the song that you would always refer in a conversation to Django?

I would offer him my albums. I think he would appreciate my ballads for the heartfelt character that he always put to his songs.

Regarding musicians I had to show him Biréli Lagrène for his excellence, Robin Nolan for the impact that his work had on me over the years and Pat Metheny for being one of the greatest musicians ever.

To pick a song is usually a hard task but I would definitely choose “The Truth Will Always Be” by Pat Metheny. The title says it all!

12 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him?  You are my Master and I’m your disciple. Please teach me 🙂

Zingaro Jazz: Dario Napoli Interview


Italian Gypsy Jazz guitarist, blogger of “Diary Of a Gadjo”, teacher and composer Dario Napoli opens his heart and mind in this thoughtful, conscious and inspiring interview.

Here it is: “Cotto a puntino” 🙂

1 – What have inspired you to start playing music? Tell us about your influences and what was going on around you at the time.

My first inspiration to play music was my brother, he’s two years and a half older than me and introduced me to all the first music I listened to. At 12 he then brought me to my first live concert, which was Eric Clapton, where I absolutely decided I needed to learn how to play.

And so for the following 3 years I started by ear on a very cheap classical guitar, copying what I could from the Beatles, Eric Clapton, BB King, Jimi Hendrix, SRV, etc.

The years I began playing I was living in Milan which was very alive as a music city, and so there was a lot of inspiration from concerts, great musicians and started getting into jazz thanks to my first “real” teacher, Gianpiero Spina.

At 18 I went to college in New Orleans and immersed myself in jazz but always continued with blues, rock and fusion, and then came Django, who revolutionized my world 🙂

2 – What are your current projects and future goals?

My main project is my solo project, Dario Napoli Modern Manouche Project, with which I have recorded 2 albums and now working on a third.

I also have various collaborations, a duo with a singer (closer to a Joe Pass-Ella Fitzgerald idea) and an electric quartet with drums and hammond/electric piano.

But gypsy jazz is my main thing and my goal is to have a successful touring and recording career.

3 – You’ve spent a lot of time and energy on transcriptions. What would you consider to be the greatest impact of transcribing regarding ear training and technique?

I’ve basically never stopped transcribing since I was 12 years old, only in the last few years I’ve been able to share my transcriptions but it’s something that I’ve been doing for myself and continue to do for myself constantly as I believe it is the more efficient way to learn.

If we think back on how we learned our own mother language, we basically copied our parents and our friends and then in school they explained the grammar, but we already knew how to speak based on whom we copied or heard.

The same in music, if we want to learn a language we have to copy and then we can develop our own vocabulary over time.

4 – You have studied “The Boss” Bireli Lagrene’s language like no other. What makes Bireli sound so distinctive and appealing to our ears? What are his trademarks and aspects one must be aware?

Well, ever since I started playing I’ve been attracted and inspired by many different kinds of music and so I’ve always tried to develop as much versatility as possible.

Bireli for me is the most amazing example of versatility and proficiency in many different styles (and actually, even many different instruments!), so I felt very naturally attracted by his style and his ability to incorporate all the music that he has listen to over the years.

The thing I really like the most of him is his timing and his rhythmical ideas (not only strictly Le Pompe rhythm which is obviously great), but his comping, where it’s always a surprise in terms of harmony and rhythmic fills and patterns, both on electric and acoustic.

5 – Jazz musicians often fear transcriptions because of the risk of loosing their own musical personality. But in Gypsy Jazz probably every note played by Django has already been transcribed. What are your thoughts on this?

Yes, I believe the best thing is a balance. Transcribing is inevitable because it’s just like learning a language: you have to copy whoever speaks that language to get started. We all do it, whether it is language of music.

As we get more proficient we will naturally develop our own unique feel and language. Even Django wasn’t born in a vacuum, he played with great accordion players and he also copied and was inspired by the great American Jazz musicians of his time, as well as Debussy and Ravel and other classical masters. Then he filtered everything through his sensibility and experience, but all those influences are very important.

6 – Regarding your online business teaching and transcribing site, how did it happened? How do you manage a successful teaching site?

It all started with the idea that it was easy with the Internet to share what I was already doing for myself.

A few years back I started studying and reading about music business and the importance of having a website and it was pretty natural to simply share all that. I was studying through the website. This got people interested and started inquiring about my teaching.

Teaching is something I’ve always enjoyed doing honestly also for selfish reasons 🙂 it makes me a better musician. It makes me focus on details and constantly review what I consider the important elements of music.

This year, here in Tuscany, from May 19-23, I will be also hosting my first gypsy jazz guitar camp and I’m very excited that several people are participating. I cannot wait to be there!

7 – About your guitar practice what motivates you to keep going?

I understood many years ago that you can start your path in music but there’s never an arrival point if you truly want to keep improving, so it does not scare me that I will never be truly “satisfied” 🙂

I really enjoy the process and attaining my goals on the guitar is one of the greatest satisfactions in life. Being able to share them with others then is paradise 🙂

8 – How do you balance work and rest? How long are your working sessions and pauses?

In reality I am very bad at balancing work and rest in the sense that music pretty much never makes me tired.

Of course, I have to be careful with my hands to not overplay but luckily being a musician today is not just about playing and practicing many hours a day but also being an entrepreneur and dealing with technology, website, marketing, public relations etc.

So basically, when I’m not practicing, which is still several hours a day, I’m doing all the other aspects of a musician’s life.

9 – Do you remember your practice process when you started playing? How much did it change through the years?

When I started, it was all about hearing and reproducing. Although I still do that, I also have phases when I give more importance to one aspect of music or another, it can be harmony, or rhythm, or an element of a different style or just simply, a technique.

10 – Tell us about your routines. How does a regular day in your life looks like?

So, assuming I don’t have a gig or I’m not teaching (which changes things) I will typically start out the day working on a specific technique or a series of specific techniques.

Afterwards I would pick one standard and work on that, arranging, improving, chord solo, trying to look at it from all aspects possible, and changing keys. That usually takes up the whole morning.

Early afternoon I usually go for a walk or a bike ride or something physical and then if I have the time, I will repeat the same process of the morning or get into composing or arranging.

If I don’t have time in the day I will do the website and the music business stuff in the evening.

11 – What were the biggest challenges you have faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

Well, although I have been playing and practicing intensely since I was 12 years old, I only accepted internally to be a full-time musician around 30. It took me a while to get over the social conditioning that music is something that is hard to live on and hard to pursue.

Once the decision was made, the hard part is to understand that music is only one element necessary to make it; just like an entrepreneur there are many things that one must do away from the instrument in order to create the foundation to continue playing the instrument for a living.

12 – Do you feel that balancing musical skills and the entrepreneur and social aspects around the music the hardest thing to handle? I mean, there’s always excellent musicians that aren’t able to persevere because they don’t know (or enjoy) how to sell their music; others are excellent businessmen lacking musical qualities.

Yes, but for me also doubts, self-doubts creep in at times, but daily practice and faith help!

If it were up to me, I would simply wake up and play guitar all day, which I still sometimes do 🙂 but the reality is that I have to carry out, or delegate tasks, and that means time away from the music and that’s not always easy.

13 – What do you value the most in the music/musicians you love to listen? What key ingredients you love to hear when listening to some new album, musician or student?

The thing that I’m most attracted to when it comes to music is actually harmony. A close second is rhythm, and so when I listen to musicians I notice I’m attracted to musicians that have an evolved sense of harmony and that are very versed and confident rhythmically.

14 – Do you meditate? Do you perform any kind of practice or activity that pulls you towards a more focused, clear or mindful state?

I feel like my meditation is my practice; when I’m on the instrument through repetition my mind stays in one place and time becomes absolutely irrelevant.

So I don’t meditate per se but I believe I can relate to the process. Otherwise, playing tennis, basketball or biking, when I have the time, are important for me mentally and physically.

15 – You’re the first GJ musician I meet that actually plays Basketball! Are you an NBA fan? Who are your top 5 players ever? My personal choice would be John Stockton, Michael Jordan, Scottie Pippen, Charles Barkley and Hakeem Olajuwon :p

SO COOL, I love basketball!! I played some intramural in the US but my main sport was tennis, where I played NCAA championship. When we meet I would be thrilled to shoot around and steal some tips form you!


16 – What would you consider to be the most important advice someone gave to you? 

To listen carefully to the voices that comes up in your mind, to key into one’s emotions and take them seriously, and not repress them.

Also, to find the strength to believe that you can create the life that you desire and imagine for yourself.

17 – What would you like to be acknowledged for? What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

That, against all odds and contrary to popular belief, one can become an accomplished musician, jazz and gypsy jazz guitarist even later in life. That it’s not just words when they say it’s never too late to become what you were meant to become, if you truly believe (and follow with the actions) that something was meant for you.

18 – Like myself, you started as full-time musician at about the same age then I: LATE! Personally I fell there is some prejudice and/or disbelief in the Jazz community about this subject, but not so much in the Gypsy Jazz community. The preference and attention seems to go easily to young talented kids. On the other hand, there’s a lot of great, inspiring “older” musicians playing at top level with little or even no recognition at all. A penny for your thoughts on this? 🙂

 I’m really hoping you’re right on this one (for us “older” folks)!

19 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him?

First of all, if he were not aware, I would let him know that he had a much greater influence than even he probably expected on guitar and music in general, and I would thank him for that.

I would also ask him a lot of questions in terms of composition, improvisation and also life in general.

20 – What would be the song that you would always refer in a conversation with Django?

The song I would refer to would be “Melodie Au Crepuscule”.

I asked Dario if he had any “Melodie Au Crespuscule” version of his own. The next day he recorded and uploaded this tremendous video and sent it back to me. Wow! Thank you Dario, you’re fantastic!




The Gypsy Jazz Lady: Irene Ypenburg’s Interview


Irene Ypenburg is something special… What a thoughtful, kind and wise human being. Gypsy Jazz really has a place for everybody, regardless of their origins, backgrounds or social environment. In this (maternal tone) interview Irene will guide you into some reflecting subjects and life experiences. “Clean your life” and remember it’s never late to follow your dreams.

1 – When did you to start playing music? What has inspired and influenced you?

My parents both played piano really well, and my father played the violin as well. I always loved to sing and dance and was begging my parents for a recorder and for dancing lessons when I was 4. Somehow my parents thought it better to wait till I was 5. So when I was 5 I got my first plastic soprano recorder to play on and started with ballet lessons. The recorder sounded quite awful but I was happy with it. Later I changed to alto recorder, which I kept playing till I was about 35.

My father and I loved to sing and make music together. Often when we had family friends over we would play a game of cards or dice, meanwhile all of us singing in harmony. Silly songs, a lot of fun. So singing, dancing and making music was a natural thing for me. I played piano, alto recorder, guitar, I sang and I danced. My parents are my main inspiration and influence. They taught me the basics of each instrument and I worked out the rest by myself.

My father suddenly brought a guitar home for me when I was 15. He taught me the three chords he knew. Then I worked out the rest by myself by playing records of Joan Baez over and over again until I got it. When I was 17 I performed in so-called ‘Jazz and Poetry’ clubs all over Amsterdam. I played a few simple chords and fingerpicking and sang about the entire Joan Baez repertoire.

Since then I did not develop my guitar playing. Later I lived in a town where music was hardly present. No inspiration, nobody to learn from, nowhere to go. I gave up music entirely, I was just getting worse at it. And then I did not play or sing at all for at least 25 years, till three years ago. Unbelievable in fact!

I moved back to Amsterdam a few years ago and there I got in touch with people who played gypsy jazz. I loved it. They pushed me to pick up my guitar again. I swore I would never play anywhere where other people could hear me. I was absolutely convinced that my playing was terrible and could never get better.

Kevin Nolan (Robin’s brother and incredible rhythm guitarist) kept offering to teach me though, he really believed in me. I turned it down for a long time, and when I finally gave in, I just took one lesson, and the next would be about three months later. Then during almost a year I took regular lessons with him. Now playing guitar has become my most loved and most important activity. Today I mostly learn from playing with musicians who are way more advanced than I am. Which is actually everybody I play with.

2 – Beyond playing guitar, you’re also a web designer, photographer, journalist, painter… Am I missing something? 🙂  How do you manage all those activities and how do you combine them together?

I published several books on psychology: about highly gifted children, about the connection between culture and identity, and a self-help book with exercises to connect with yourself. I translated (from German) and rewrote books as well.

I write a column and articles for Robin Nolan’s Gypsy Jazz Secrets Magazine, which I illustrate with a drawing. I’m also a Reiki master and have taught meditation. I founded and was editor in chief of a magazine for elementary schools about gifted education, helped organize conferences on gifted education, and was the manager of a once word famous opera singer, for whom I organized master classes. Later more and more classical musicians wanted to be represented by me. I did that for a while, but in the end I chose being creative myself over trying to find work for other artists.

I don’t find it hard to combine different activities. Actually, kids in high school are supposed to study many subjects at once, for many years. After high school suddenly everybody wants you to choose for one single field of interest. I never understood why that would be better. I walk on many legs, if one doesn’t go very well, I still have other legs to move forward. I have many ways now to express myself and it really makes me happy. It feels like it gives me total freedom.

3 – What are your current projects and future goals?

Currently I help organizing two guitar camps: one with Dario Napoli in Tuscany in March, and one inside the gypsy camp where Paulus Schäfer lives. Paulus and Fapy Lafertin are the teachers. We did that in 2015, and the next one will be in June 2016. An amazing experience!

Also the design work always continues: posters, CD covers etc., as well as the writing, drawing and photography for Robin Nolan’s Gypsy Jazz Secrets Magazine. Recently I started a new YouTube channel, as an extension of my column, it has the same name: Irene’s Gypsy jazz Adventures. Since I travel a lot and get to meet interesting people and see interesting places, I want to share it with the world, it is simply too good to keep for yourself.

I have a few regular gigs in Amsterdam and play in general as much as I can. This year I will be traveling a lot, so a lot of video editing will be waiting for me.

My main goal now is to learn to play better and become better at photography and videography, so whenever I share things, it will be nicer to watch, and whenever I play, it will be nicer to listen to!

4 – You’ve been working with top musicians like Robin Nolan, Paulus Schafer, Dario Napoli, etc. How does it feel to be so close to the center of it all?

People like Paulus, Robin, Dario and also Christiaan van Hemert and more musicians I know, are not just very good musicians, they are also people with a very good heart, and that is why I love them.

I have a lot of respect – in general – for people who work hard, I really like that. And I very much prefer people who have a heart for others, who are genuinely honest and kind. The combination of great talent, hard-working, good sense of humor, intelligence and kind heartiness I find most attractive in a person. They all have those qualities.

I never think of myself of being in the center of it all, I just feel grateful and lucky for everything that is currently happening in my life.

5 – Do you feel you are a driving force of the Gypsy Jazz scene nowadays?

It would actually never occur to me that I would be a driving force in the Gypsy Jazz scene. I am not even sure what that is. I did notice though (mostly because other people keep telling me) that the combination of the things that I do helps to bring other musicians to get to know more about each others existence.

There is an inner journalist in me. Whenever I see interesting people or things, I feel that it should be documented. Without thinking twice I do that and share it with the world: “Look at this great 17-year-old kid in Boston! Look at this amazing sunset and listen to Wawau Adler’s music at the same time! Look at this city and the people in it! Wow! Have you ever seen people in the Philippines hand build guitars?!”

That compulsory journalism keeps me quite busy, making all these photos and videos and edit them. I just can’t help myself. Also when I meet people, I automatically think of what would be great for that person to do, or whom he should really meet, if that would be good for both of them. And then I immediately take action upon that.

6 – There aren’t many women playing Gypsy Jazz Guitar. What are your feelings about the subject?

Actually I don’t have feelings at all about that. At first I didn’t even notice that wherever I was playing, I was almost always the only woman with a guitar. Every girl is totally free to pick up a guitar and start playing gypsy jazz.

If women in general are not that interested in doing so, that is their choice. Making music is what it is about for me, I don’t care with whom I play as long as I love to listen to them.

7 – How do you motivate yourself into practicing guitar?

When you practice, you are mostly doing something that you are not good at yet, so I don’t like hearing myself practicing.

Stephane Wrembel once said: “Practice is practice. Leave out the judgement, just go through the routine.” And that really helped.

Also I know that the first ten minutes I seriously dislike it, and after a while I am actually enjoying it.

What motivates me is that I have these nice opportunities to play with guitarists who are much more advanced than I am, and I want one day to be really worthy of accompanying them. My greatest motivation is that I really want to play better than I do and I know I have it in me to still make quite some progress. So when I find it difficult I tell myself: Look at what you achieved in not even three years… Just keep practicing and you’ll get better.

Also from all the other things I learned in the past I learned that as long as you work hard and structured towards a goal, you might just get there. Studying is like possessing a magic wand: just wave it around enough and miracles will happen. I have faith in that magic wand.

8 – Does playing professionally (meaning: main activity) feels differently than playing just for fun? 

No it doesn’t. When I do something, whatever it is, I always take it seriously. I don’t pursue something if I don’t like doing it, and I know I won’t enjoy it if I don’t get the best out of myself. I am not there yet, I hope some day I will!

9 – Have you ever had a practice process? Did it changed through the years?

I have only been playing for three years. Due to my living circumstances I did not make any music at all for 25 years, and never had formal music education. For gypsy jazz I had about one year with Kevin Nolan as a teacher.

I made a routine for myself, which of course changes from time to time. In general I try to work on ‘sounding good’, more than on ‘knowing much’ at this moment.

At this moment I start with practicing some chords that I find hard to grab. Then I practice different rhythms La Pompe, Bossa, Rumba and so on. And then I go through the repertoire I have to play at the next gig.

I play with different people, and always adapt to their repertoire, because I can learn so much from them. That means that with one person I play entirely different things than with the other, so I keep learning new tunes and forgetting tunes as well unfortunately.

After that I allow myself free doodling on the guitar, which I think is also very useful, to start feeling free and at home with your instrument and get a more relaxed and natural sound.

 10 – Tell us about your routines. How does a regular day in your life looks like?

First thing in the morning is coffee and answering emails and Facebook messages. A lot of my work goes through Facebook.

Then usually I go out to a coffee-house nearby where people bring their laptops. There I do computer work like organizing or writing or design I have to do, because there I am surrounded by other people who are working and that helps me to focus.

Then I go home, take a lunch break and do some other chores. After that, usually around three or four in the afternoon I practice guitar, at least an hour, sometimes two or three.

Then cook, eat and go out to play a gig somewhere, which lasts mostly around three hours. Of course not every day is the same, and I don’t play a gig every evening, but quite often.

The very end of the day often is for having a coffee or dinner with friends, that gives me something to look forward to. Often in the evening if I am at home I just put on the television for background noise and either practice or do design work, till late at night. Drawing on my iPad comfortably in my little corner on the couch till 1.30 in the morning is not unusual for me.

11 – As a sideman (or should I say, side woman) one experiences the stage and the musical process differently than being the soloist/star. What do you consider to be the fundamental aspects of a master sideman (personality and musicality)?

Of course it is important not to have the desire to be on the foreground. Kevin Nolan is for me a good example of a very good rhythm guitarist who is a good sideman as well. He stays in the background still displaying lots of imagination, never dull or repetitious. Incredibly steady and pushing without speeding up.

What I admire so much in Kevin Nolan’s style is that he never draws attention to himself, his playing is in perfect control and he can bring in many variations, without it being disturbing. His playing is very supportive and makes the soloist sound better. That is probably what it is about: the rhythm player is there to make the solo come out best. I think Kevin and Robin Nolan are both at their best when they play together.

For the side(wo)man it is important that you like other people to shine. And you must like rhythm and have a feeling for the tune that you are playing. I personally don’t like it if people play everything the same way: sad tunes, happy tunes, all sound the same, only a bit faster or slower.

Some soloists prefer the rhythm guitarist to just keep playing like a machine, no variation at all. I am not very happy when someone expects me to play like that. Some others like it when they start to play with fire, the rhythm player should be more fiery as well. I understand and appreciate that approach better.

12 – What were the biggest challenges you have faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

Maybe for everybody the biggest challenge is your self-image. Especially in the beginning I found it hard to imagine that good musicians would really like to play with me. That reflected on my playing. It is like when you are telling somebody a story and deep inside you think he is not at all interested, you start to mumble and cut it short, instead of making it the interesting story it really is.

I didn’t dare to be audible, I thought every stroke on my guitar would irritate the hell out of everybody who heard it. No difference whether I was practicing at home or playing with others. I told a friend at that time that my biggest goal was to play with others without them getting mad at me! Not that anybody ever did, I just thought they probably should…

I tried to teach myself to enjoy practicing instead of dreading to hear myself play. I always find it hard to hear myself; I would love to play so much better than I do…!

13 – What do you value the most in the music/musicians you love to listen? What key ingredients do you cherish the most?

I love it when they can really swing, Wawau Adler often really swings like crazy! I love that!

I also appreciate it very much when a musician dares to follow his own path, without trying too hard to be different. When they distinguish themselves just by being themselves. Robin Nolan and Stephane Wrembel are good examples.

I like a sensitive, musical approach of the music, with a beautiful tone, whether it is genius warp-speed playing or a slow ballad. Fapy Lafertin has an amazing tone, and the different ways he bends the strings and brings out every tone individually, giving each tone its own character, I admire a lot.

I like a musician who listens while he plays.

So in short: to be yourself, to swing, to be sensitive, to listen. And of course a good technique is crucial to sounding good.

14 – Do you still practice meditation or any activity alike?

I am a Reiki master and have taught Reiki as well as meditation for many years. Nowadays I do not really practice meditation, but I regularly sit down to make contact with what I really feel and think and reflect about that.

15 – You know I love inspirational quotes and epiphanies. I bet you have a lot of wisdom to share with us. 🙂

In my life it was important to ‘clean up my life’, like you clean a house. Get rid of what bothers and blocks you.

Make positive choices instead of negative choices: go for what you love to do and people you love to spend time with, instead of fighting what and whom you dislike.

Everything you do, say or even think has an infinite stream of consequences. And every consequence multiplies into new consequences, and those new ones again, like a cauliflower effect. So making very deliberate choices is incredibly important.

Create harmony in your life, without sacrificing your own happiness. Your choices should create harmony within yourself as well as with others. This means you too have to clean up your life.

16 – What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

Probably what I just mentioned above: Be aware of the fact that all your choices have an expanding, infinite stream of consequences. So clean up your life and create harmony within yourself and with what and whom surround you. Then ultimately that will multiply as well.

17 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him? 

“Thank you for the effort you took to become the musician you are, to be this great inspiration and example for thousands of people all over the world.”

In fact I would probably scream: “Are you really Django Reinhardt?! I thought you were dead! May I offer you a drink in this nearby cozy café? I’d love to spend some time with you!”

18 – What record, musician or song would you give Django for him to hear?

A song becomes interesting because of the interpretation musicians give it. I’d like to know what he’d feel upon hearing “Sitting On The Top of The World”, by Ray Charles. And the version of “Stardust” Dave Brubeck and Paul Desmond recorded in 1975 – the way the saxophone opens up the sky as a door to a different world.

Classical + Gypsy Guitar = Antoine Boyer’s Interview


Starting at a very young age, getting recognition from his pairs and being an awarded musician is always both surprising and worth to talk about.

A bit of an introvert, this young man overflows his musical talent into Classical music as well as into the Gypsy Swing. What’s your secret Antoine?

1 – What have inspired you to start playing music? Tell us about your influences and what was going on around you at the time.

In my family we always listened to Django’s music, Francis-Alfred Moerman, Angelo Debarre, Bratsch, etc. One day my father asked me if I wanted to start playing guitar. So we started learning together… Since this moment we played together until about 2014.

2 – When you started learning Guitar with your father, who was your mentor, how did you learned the music?

We learned a lot with Mandino Reinhardt and we did a large number of his Master class. Although in other way, we also learned a lot from Francis-Alfred Moerman. We recorded my first CD exclusively with his compositions.

3 – Did you started with Classical, Jazz or both at the same time?

I started Manouche style at 6 years old but I only started classic five years ago.

4 – What were the biggest challenges you have faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

The biggest challenges were big concerts like Samois (in 2011) or the one for the Homage to Francis-Alfred Moerman. Other big challenge was the classical guitar competition this year (I won!) that really pushed me to work with a lot of accuracy over a few tunes.

Each new project or event is a sort of challenge. Like now I am working with the Flamenco guitarist Samuelito. We have a duet that mix gypsy and flamenca guitars, that very new and challenging. And for example, Classical guitar competitions are also very challenging. That really pushed you to work with a lot of accuracy over a few tunes.

5 – What it was like winning the Montigny Classical Guitar Contest?

Very encouraging !!

6 – About the Classical Guitar contests, how much does that changes your habits, what influence it take on your mental focus and your stress management?

Actually, It doesn’t change my habits a lot. I just have to work a little longer each day when the date of the contest is getting closer.

7 – Do you remember your practice process when you started playing? How much did it change through the years?

Honestly, I don’t remember, but I know that my way to work changed a lot after I started playing classical guitar. It is a very different (but also very good) approach to the practice process.

8 – What similarities and differences do you find in the process of practicing and playing Jazz and Classical Guitar?

What I like is that both jazz and classic help each other. What I mean is that one prevents me from being bored by the other. They are very different languages and that’s very interesting to learn from both at the same time. You don’t really find Jazz like improvisation in Classical music, for example, and so I can’t work on jazz like I work on classic.


9 – Tell us about your routines. How does a regular day in your life looks like?

Since I have to work both jazz and classical guitar, I dedicate a few hours a day for each subject. I usually work around one hour, then take a break, resume another hour, and so on.

10 – Do you consider yourself to be more at ease on a contest or on a jam session/local concert?

These are completely different! The contest tends to be a little bit more stressful because you play alone… In jazz I usually play with other musicians, so it feels very different.

11 – What do you value the most in the musicians you love to listen?

What I value the most, I think, is what we can feel when we hear a musician. I’m driven by their musicality! But it is difficult to say… there is no specific rule.

12 – Do you meditate, practice your focus or cherish a clear state of mind?

Yes… more or less. I try to do things in a simple way but the best way I can.

13 – What does it feels like to have the opportunity to play with some of the greatest Manouche musicians (Stochelo Rosenberg, Robin Nolan, Adrien Moignard, Paulus Schafer)? Tell us about those experiences.

It is very nice of course! Each time you get the chance to be around these guys you receive something different. It makes me learn a lot.

Let me give you an example. I’ve worked with Philip Catherine for 3 concerts. I had to work a lot because his musical universe is completely different from what I knew (it is not Manouche at all), and so I’ve grown a lot!

And Stochelo, for instance, I met him the first time in Seattle. He is such a very, very nice guy!

14 – Do you remember any specific advice these guys gave to you?

I have received a lot of small important hints or advise from a lot of different people, and that builds my way to see and understand the music I listen or play.

15 – What would you like to be acknowledged for? What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

I usually don’t think about this aspect. I simply try to do the best I can, in different styles of the guitar. Then we’ll see what happens!

16 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him? What would be the record, the musician or the song that you would always refer in a conversation to Django?

To meet Django?! That would be awesome… I think I would just stay put without talking. It would be better for me to just listen to him! But I would refer to him a lot of very good musicians. It’s hard to know which one to choose, but I really love a lot of musicians in different kinds of music: classical, jazz, flamenco, balkan, african, and so on.

Gypsy Jazz Best: Gonzalo Bergara’s Interview


It’s my birthday so I left a little treat to myself on this special day!

Gonzalo Bergara is one of my favorite musicians ever. His music is pure joy and his funny, outgoing personality makes it even better to hang out with him.

Here’s the full story. And remember… “Never Give Up!” 😉

1 – What have inspired you to start playing music? Tell us about your influences and what was going on around you at the time.

I was 11 years old and I saw a Guns and Roses music video. Slash was being elevated from under the ocean playing a Gibson Les Paul, and making all these whale sounds with it. 🙂 Right then I decided I was going to play the guitar. I have yet to do that particular scene, though.

2 – What are your current projects?

The Gonzalo Bergara Quartet is finishing our 4th CD, “Claroscuro” coming out in November 2015.

Back home in Buenos Aires Argentina we started a new electric project called “Zalo’s Blues”. It’s a power trio where I play guitar and sing a bit with very strong Texan blues and Hendrix influences.

We are also doing a show in a few weeks that feature 12 of our compositions arranged for string quartet and guitar, a CD we will record next year.

3 – Since you’re an Argentinian guy one must ask… what about Tango? Do you dance? 🙂 And do you relate Tango with Gypsy Jazz, in any way?

I don’t dance, and there is very little tango I actually like today. But it’s been in my life since the beginning, one way or the other, so you can hear it in my music even when sometimes I can’t.

The drama, the intensity, the passion for a lack of better words, that’s where it comes from.  Astor Piazzolla’s music, call it tango or not, really motivated me to try to write better stuff all the time.

4 – Can you identify what key elements motivate you to practicing guitar? 

I have a bit of an obsessive personality, and jazz in general allows you to travel an endless road.  I think it’s all about the constant gift to have the possibility of learning or discovering something new.

I’m very good at hearing my deficiencies too, so that puts me to practice quite often.

5 – What were the biggest challenges you have faced in order to progress in your practice, performance and musical career?

I would say finding new ways to go, to not get stuck in one place with your same 8 phrases. It’s very easy to get bored playing the same things over and over again. This might lead you to not having the desire to practice.

When you find something new you start growing that ability, energy and imagination that will, in some way, make you almost completely fall in love with your instrument all over again. I look for that everyday and it’s tough.

6 – You team up with Adrien Moignard in one of the most exciting new projects in Gypsy Jazz (Classico). Tell us about how this partnership was born and it’s dynamics and accomplishments so far.

I think in gypsy jazz, like it probably happens in all styles of music, there are many different styles inside that one style.  Adrien and me spoke the same language, liked the same particular things in gypsy jazz.

It’s always a lot more fun to play with somebody you can connect that way. So it’s easy, we like the same things, so we get together and jam, and have a good time.

7 – Do you remember your practice process when you started playing? How much did it change through the years? 

I think the more I grew as a player and a person I started being a bit more thoughtful. Perhaps, as we get older we don’t have the time we had before, so now I try to use my time a bit more wisely.

Today, if I’m about to sit down and practice, I’ll work on one of the things I know needs work.  I think about what I’m going to practice before I sat down. Then I just play and let myself having a good time without thinking so much about the outcome.

(Gonzalo is actually talking about 2 of the most important aspects of productive practice: PLANNING and DIFUSE THINKING. More on those subjects on future posts 😉 ) 

I still do that, but I also like putting my time to specific areas where I feel I could improve.

8 – How does a regular day in your life looks like?

If I’m traveling with the band, it’s waking up, getting in a car, going to the airport, getting in another car, getting to the hotel, going to sound check, eating, playing the show, hopefully a fun gathering afterwards and hotel again. Tomorrow, same thing all over again.

If I’m home, I could spend a lot of the day practicing, or not practicing at all. I try to exercise, mess my mind, and feel better, like reading, hanging with friends, drinking wine, nothing extraordinary. Listening to music probably always.

9 – How do you balance work and rest?

Today I respect my desire, however I feel. If I don’t want to play the guitar I don’t. If I want to play it all day I will.

10 – What are your future plans and goals?

This has been a very busy year for me, working on three full projects.  I’d like to slow down next year and maybe enjoy other things, just to make sure not to get burned too much.


11 – The Gonzalo Bergara Quartet (re) introduces the vocal and violin element in the Manouche Music, showing that this is not just a virtuoso guitar playing style. Was this something you deliberately looked for or just happened?

I try to feature the best about everybody that works with me, Leah Zeger joined the band and she had a fantastic technique and great vocal chords, so I just let things naturally go where they sound good. Whatever that may be.

12 – What key ingredients you love to hear in the music you love?

I must say: time, tone, imagination, passion, fire, and sensitivity.

13 – You moved from Argentina to France, worked with Denis Chang (Canadian), played with Andreas Oberg (Swedish), Joscho Stephan (German), amongst other “foreign” players. Everybody is from different places but manage to gather for the music. What are your feelings about this globalization of Gypsy Jazz?

I think music has always been this way, it’s a universal language, it’s a human thing. We are all one organism in some way and it seems perfectly normal that the same thing moves us all.

14 – You’re also part of an uprising community of Gadjos (non Gypsy) Manouche players in France, including Benoit Convert, Sebastien Giniaux, Adrien Moignard. Where does this burst of vitality, good taste and energy come from?

I think somebody who is responsible for that today would be Bireli Lagrene. To have the opportunity to strive in order to be that good, one day, gets all of us with the desire going.

15 – Do you meditate?

I like reading. A lot of the books I like are not necessarily about meditation or Tao or religion, but touch on those areas a bit.

16 – Is there any ritual or habit that you feel it pulls you towards a more focused, clear or mindful state?

I like going to the beach every tiny chance I got. There’s something about the ocean and the sun that clears me up.

17 – What would you consider to be the most important advice someone gave to you? 

I don’t know if I’d call it “advice” but I have one vivid moment clear in my mind. I was having a great time playing a show and somebody just yelled at me as they were leaving: “never stop”.

At that time I thought: “why would I ever stop?”

Since then I have been faced with difficult turns, stressful moments, where I would think, ahh, this is what he meant. It’d be a lot easier to give it all up. “Never stop.”

18 – What’s the most important aspect of your life’s journey that you’d like people to remember?

I’m not sure I have an answer for this. I would like to make sure that I gave my best in all while I enjoyed every bit of time I have.

19 – What would you say to Django if you had the chance to meet him?

I heard he was a difficult person, so maybe I’d be curious about this personality aspect more than music.

20 – And what would be the record, the musician or the song that you would always refer in a conversation with Django?

I think classical music has been my biggest love since I can remember, so it would be some Debussy or Ravel piece, knowing that he liked those guys too.

21 – By the way, since you’re Argentinian and I’m Portuguese… Cristiano Ronaldo or Lionel Messi? 🙂

No soccer here man sorry. I’m sure they are all great! 🙂